The mango trees grow large in size and are shade providing dense trees, whose roots are not destructive. In winters, the tree requires full sun and a perfect air drainage. When grown on the slopes, care should be taken that it is grown at the top or middle level of the slope, and a wind break needs to be provided on the exposed areas. In the desert, the mango tree needs the shade of other plants. When grown in the greenhouse, free air movement and full light are mandatory in order to prevent the tree from diseases.
The mango tree grows well in almost all types of well drained soil, but it is advisable to avoid heavy, wet soils. the preferred pH balance of the soil need to be anywhere between 5.5 to 7.5. The tree is also tolerant to alkalinity. To ensure good growth of the tree, mango tree should be grown in deep soil, as it needs space to accommodate its extensive roots.
Irrigation needs to be provided to the trees, once the weather warms up a bit. The right time for irrigation varies in different regions, for example at the coastal regions, the trees need to be irrigated in April, whereas in the desert, irrigation is required in February. Watering is necessary on a regular basis to maintain the moisture of the soil, and should be continued till the fruit is harvested.
A nitrogen fertilizer is essential when growing mangoes, to ensure a healthy flower production. Other micronutrients like iron are also added to facilitate a good harvest. it should be noted that the tree must not be fertilized after mid-summer. Organic fertilizers are also a good option. Care should be maintained as to not to over fertilize the tree, as it would cause irreparable damage to it. Sandy soils require more fertilizer than the clay or loom soil.
The trees also need pruning, as it helps promote healthy and uniform growth. Young trees are susceptible to frost attack, and should be covered with an over head shade during any frost threat. Do not prune the dead parts until the frost threat is completely over.